Sunday, February 27, 2011

Should Small Groups Even Have a Mission? LMSG 1a

(This is the first of a series of posts on Leading Missional Small Groups)

There are so many plans and programs for leading groups today in the church, that the opinions of what works and what doesn't is confusing to sort out. One of the central group questions is about the ministry of the group beyond the confines of the weekly meeting. The range of opinion about this ranges from have closed groups that only focus on building community to open groups that try to personal evangelism and multiply groups through growth to groups that are 20-50 in size so that they can work together to target a specific need, neighborhood or people group and ministry with the specific group of people.

Opinions, opinions, opinions. And writers seem to proclaim them with such authority as if there way comes directly from the pages of Scripture, as if the 11th commandment is Thou shalt do mission through groups this way.

But there is something more fundamental than finding the right group strategy for mission. We first need to consider how the common view of mission might actually generate an imagination about mission that limits our group experience more than it helps it. Before we get into leadership principles and strategies we need to take a look at our imagination and make sure that how we envision mission is a point of view that actually enhances our group experience. To get at what I'm talking about, let me use my story of mission to illustrate what I'm talking about.

I grew up in the largest Protestant denomination in the world. My early life revolved around the activities held at the little white Southern Baptist Church called Foote because the man who donated the land for the building had that last name. I remember one Easter Sunday morning when I was about nine. I walked out of one of the five Sunday school rooms to a packed house of about 100 people. I could not believe my eyes. However that was the only time I ever saw that many people worshipping there in my 17 years in that church. I loved and still do the people of Foote Baptist Church, but I always wanted to see more people reached for Christ.

When I went away to college I wanted to be a part of a church that had more people and more activity. I wanted a church that had programs, that was busy and had the energy and money to do outreach so I got involved with First Church. It was during my four years at university that immersed in various ways to do mission. I was a leader in the largest campus ministry at Texas A & M University. Between my large church and this large ministry I had all kinds of opportunities to do outreach. Going out on campus to find people who needed to hear about Jesus was huge part of our ministry. Leading people to make a decision for Christ was such a central focus. Each year we would see hundreds of people give their lives to Christ. Secretly I wonder how many people prayed the prayer to get rid of us. Well I guess it's not a secret now.

Subsequently, I've read books about or attended more conferences on evangelism than is fair to count. It's just part of my imagination when it comes to how church is supposed to operate. One thing that marked my imagination was the fact that we had a night designated for doing outreach. On Tuesday nights we would go out and tell people about how we missed them at church and that we would love for them to come and be a part of our activities.

Evangelistic outreach was my first view of doing mission.

My second view was shaped by an annual mission trip to Mexico where we would do some kind of building project, lead a Bible school for the kids and go knocking on doors to share Jesus with whomever would listen. While at seminary in Fort Worth, Texas. I lived on campus which sits next to a small neighborhood where Spanish speaking families live. Every Tuesday a group of us guys would descend upon the street and do our mission thing. We would hang with the kids, get to know them a bit and try to share Jesus with them.

This view of doing mission was about cross-cultural ministry.

A third experience of doing mission is formally called social justice, and it usually comes in the form is some kind of service to the poor. For one year in college I preached a weekly service at the local a homeless shelter. But there are much less traditionally religious ways that this usually plays out: packing food to give out on the holidays, feeding a meal at a homeless shelter, visiting a nursing home, addressing issues of racism, generational poverty,

Then I experienced a fourth paradigm for doing mission. During my senior year I was a part of a team that prayed everyday for an hour together in one of the dorms for the guys that lived there. For much of my time at college we would pray for revival to come to the campus. We had a belief that our prayers mattered and our mission was to do prayer evangelism for people we knew, for people we did not in a specific location and for all the people in a local setting.

After college I have continued my involvement in all four--evangelistic outreach, cross-cultural ministry, social justice and prayer evangelism--of these activities of mission. However, I have subsequently been challenged to think about them differently. I began to see things differently while on a mission trip to Saint Petersburg, Russia. Our team of seminary students went with ideas of various things we would be doing there, but after the third or fourth day of worshipping with the local church, learning about the city and it's culture, and sharing meals with the leaders of the church, we grew frustrated that they were not asking us to do anything. Their response to us was something like: "Why would we ask you to come here and do what we are called to be?" In other words, they did not need another group of Americans descending upon their city to do something for a few days and then leave. They had invited us to observe what God was doing in and through the church there. They did not need us to do anything. Quite honestly, our pragmatic activistic mindset did not react well. We did not know what to do with this. So to make us happy they made a way for us to hold a couple of evangelistic services at a local school and prison. I think we missed the point.

You see, our view of mission was shaped by an imagination of doing mission. We were shaped by action questions like:

What could we do to reach the lost?
What could we do to help the poor?
What could we do to get people into the life of the church?
What could we do increase baptisms?

Now before we go any further, please note that I am not against sharing my faith nor do I have a problem with doing something to address social injustice. Cross-cultural ministry is absolutely essential and there is so much documented evidence about the power prayer evangelism, I would be an absolute fool to discount it's effectiveness. But in future posts I want to propose something that is much more comprehensive than any of these.

The problem is that the imagination of doing mission is so central to how we think about church, we don't really know how to shake it and see something else. For instance, this imagination of doing mission has infiltrated small group ministry all over the place. There are all kinds of strategies and programs now promoted as ways for developing missional community that is nothing more than one of the four ways of doing mission sighted above. But they do an excellent job of packaging their group plan for mission as new and next. My reaction to them is usually something like We've been doing that for years. Why are we now calling that missional? Aren't we just using a new trendy term to describe something that we been doing for a long time? It's just more doing. More of the same.

How have you seen or experienced doing mission in small group life? Should there be more than doing?

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

Personlity Type and Spiritual Disciplines

I am teaching a 13-week class on Spiritual Practices. I think I am doing it for myself as much as anyone else. But I'm also doing it for the normal people in our church who are not mystics or don't care to learn about spiritual disciplines by reading a book that uses Latin and is over 200 pages long. I don't understand why something so simple as developing consistent rhythms of connecting to God has to be so difficult.

Tonight's session is about how our personality type affects the disciplines that we practice. I grew up thinking that there was a one-size-fits all approach to how I practiced my relationship with God. It was called a Quiet Time and it was supposed to happen when you first get up in the morning. After all, this is what the spiritual giants of history have done. In college I heard about the radical prayer life of Luther and then I later learned about how Pastor Cho in Korea prays three hours per day. In the late 1990s a popular book came out encouraging people to pray for one hour. I have been taught on the ACTS prayer pattern, the steps of the Lord's prayer and I have even used the stages in the Tabernacle as a way of praying.

But I have never been taught that the way I am wired in my personality impacts how I relate to God. I'm not sure why I always assumed that there was a one-size-fits all approach, but somehow I made this conclusion.

Now I am realizing my personality drives me to connect with God through reflection and intellection. I am an INTP on the Myers-Briggs profile and the book SoulTypes by Sandra Krebs Hirsch has been quite helpful. While I can connect with God in many ways, I am seeing that my primary portal for relating to him fits how he made me. I don't have to apologize or try to avoid being myself and try to be someone like Henri Nouwen or Larry Crabb in order to effectively walk with Jesus. I can be myself. I can find rhythms of connection that fit me.

This is a revelation to me. For many your response might be "Duh, who else might you be." But in a church world where so many are promoting steps and plans to fix your life, it is quite freeing to see why those plans don't work. I've wished they would. I've bought the promises of speakers and writers who provided the plans and the quick easy steps for a close walk with God, but now I am seeing how such a POV actually stands in the way of my relationship with God because I am not relating as a person to a person but as a robot to a list of steps.

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